PES incentives for smallholders to avoid deforestation: lessons learned and factors for success

PES incentives for smallholders to avoid deforestation: lessons learned and factors for success

1 April 2015

Payments for ecosystem services, or PES, projects are designed to provide incentives for people and organisations to protect environmental services in an area. 

This report reviews a wide range of literature on PES projects...

Baseline studies of successful models for sustainable smallholder development

Baseline studies of successful models for sustainable smallholder development

1 October 2014

There are many models of smallholder production, ranging from independent farmers or cooperatives to large-scale schemes funded by governments or the private sector.

The baseline studies listed here review and discuss these...

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